China’s most pioneering special economic zone, the one that is now referred to as a PDZSCC, Shenzhen has broken what appears to be new international ground on consumer data-protection laws. As reported by the municipal government this week, a new set of regulations stipulates that:
- App-makers may not deny service to users who do not consent to “over-collection” of their personal information;
- Users may specifically refuse consent for data-driven behavioral profiling;
- Apps may not make personalized recommendations to children under the age of 14;
- Users may not be forced to submit to facial recognition;
There are also some key provisions related to app makers using “illegal means to obtain data from other market entities,” which is a bit unclear.
Fines can range from 50,000 yuan to 500,000 yuan in “standard” cases, whereas in “serious” cases, they can be as high as 5% of the app-maker’s previous year’s revenue.
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A record 1.03 million people marched through the streets of Hong Kong yesterday in protest against a planned law that would plug a loophole in the city’s rendition agreements and allow fugitives to be sent to the mainland. The Hong Kong government responded late last night by saying that the bill would not be deferred, and would go through the legislature tomorrow.
Hong Kong’s chief executive, Carrie Lam, said she would not resign, and she reiterated that the freedoms and rights of Hong Kong people had not been eroded.
All we can add to the story is a perspective on how it relates to the Greater Bay Area. What is happening now should be set against the backdrop of the region’s masterplan, which runs until 2035, 12 years before 2047, the end of the Special Administrative Region’s term. Legal and administrative reforms are at the heart of the mission to integrate and streamline the operations of Hong Kong and Macau plus the nine Bay cities of Guangdong. We expect to see the gap between the three jurisdictions narrowed over the course of this plan. We expect to see the rule of law strengthened throughout the entire Greater Bay Area. And we expect to see the region become more internationalized along the way.